Application of a common kinetic formalism for synaptic models (Destexhe et al 1994)

Application to AMPA, NMDA, GABAA, and GABAB receptors is given in a book chapter. The reference paper synthesizes a comprehensive general description of synaptic transmission with Markov kinetic models. This framework is applicable to modeling ion channels, synaptic release, and all receptors. Please see the references for more details. A simple introduction to this method is given in a seperate paper Destexhe et al Neural Comput 6:14-18 , 1994). More information and papers at and through email:

Model Type: Synapse; Electrogenic pump

Receptors: Nicotinic; M1; M3; M4; M5; M2; mGluR1; mGluR2; mGluR3; mGluR4; mGluR5; mGluR6; mGluR7; mGluR8; Alpha; Alpha1; Alpha2; Beta; D1; D2; 5-HT1; 5-HT2; 5-HT4; H2; GabaA; GabaB; Muscarinic; AMPA; NMDA; mGluR; 5-HT3; Kainate; Monoamine Receptors; Glutamate; Gaba; Adrenergic; Serotonin; Histamine; Cholinergic Receptors; Amino Acid Receptors; Sensory Receptors; Olfactory Receptors; Opsins; Dopaminergic Receptor; Glycine; Gaseous Receptors; NO; Peptide Receptors; Dynorphin; H1; Ion Receptors; Zn2+; CO

Transmitters: Acetylcholine; Glycine; Dopamine; Zn2+; NO; CO; Dynorphin; Ephinephrine; Norephinephrine; Amino Acids; Gaba; Glutamate; Monoamines; Peptides; Ions; Gases; Histamine; Serotonin

Model Concept(s): Ion Channel Kinetics; Markov-type model

Simulation Environment: NEURON

Implementer(s): Destexhe, Alain [Destexhe at]; Mainen, Zach [Mainen at]


Destexhe A, Mainen ZF, Sejnowski TJ. (1994). Synthesis of models for excitable membranes, synaptic transmission and neuromodulation using a common kinetic formalism. J Comput Neurosci 1 [PubMed]

Sejnowski TJ, Destexhe A, Mainen Z. (1994). An efficient method for computing synaptic conductances based on a kinetic model of receptor binding Neural Comput 6

Destexhe A, Sejnowski T, Mainen Z. (1995). Fast Kinetic Models for Simulating AMPA, NMDA, GABAA and GABAB Receptors The Neurobiology of Computation