Striatal Spiny Projection Neuron, inhibition enhances spatial specificity (Dorman et al 2018)


We use a computational model of a striatal spiny projection neuron to investigate dendritic spine calcium dynamics in response to spatiotemporal patterns of synaptic inputs. We show that spine calcium elevation is stimulus-specific, with supralinear calcium elevation in cooperatively stimulated spines. Intermediate calcium elevation occurs in neighboring non-stimulated dendritic spines, predicting heterosynaptic effects. Inhibitory synaptic inputs enhance the difference between peak calcium in stimulated spines, and peak calcium in non-stimulated spines, thereby enhancing stimulus specificity.

Model Type: Neuron or other electrically excitable cell

Region(s) or Organism(s): Basal ganglia

Cell Type(s): Neostriatum spiny neuron

Currents: Ca pump; Kir; I A; I A, slow; I CAN; I K,Ca; I Krp; I Na,t; I L high threshold; I R; I T low threshold; IK Bkca; IK Skca; Na/Ca exchanger

Receptors: AMPA; NMDA; GabaA

Genes: Cav3.2 CACNA1H; Cav3.3 CACNA1I; Cav1.2 CACNA1C; Cav1.3 CACNA1D; Cav2.2 CACNA1B; Kv4.2 KCND2; Kir2.1 KCNJ2; Kv2.1 KCNB1

Transmitters: Gaba; Glutamate

Model Concept(s): Calcium dynamics; Detailed Neuronal Models; Synaptic Integration; Synaptic Plasticity

Simulation Environment: GENESIS

Implementer(s): Dorman, Daniel B

References:

Dorman DB, Jedrzejewska-Szmek J, Blackwell KT. (2018). Inhibition enhances spatially-specific calcium encoding of synaptic input patterns in a biologically constrained model. Elife 7 [PubMed]