Synaptic strengths are critical in creating the proper output phasing in a CPG (Gunay et al 2019)


"Identified neurons and the networks they compose produce stereotypical, albeit individually unique, activity across members of a species. We propose, for a motor circuit driven by a central pattern generator (CPG), that the uniqueness derives mainly from differences in synaptic strength rather than from differences in intrinsic membrane conductances. We studied a dataset of recordings from six leech (Hirudo sp.) heartbeat control networks, containing complete spiking activity patterns from inhibitory premotor interneurons, motor output spike patterns, and synaptic strength patterns to investigate the source of uniqueness. We used a conductance-based multicompartmental motor neuron model to construct a bilateral motor circuit model, and controlled it by playing recorded input spike trains from premotor interneurons to generate output inhibitory synaptic patterns similar to experimental measurements. By generating different synaptic conductance parameter sets of this circuit model, we found that relative premotor synaptic strengths impinging onto motor neurons must be different across individuals to produce animal-specific output burst phasing. Obtaining unique outputs from each individual’s circuit model did not require different intrinsic ionic conductance parameters. Furthermore, changing intrinsic conductances failed to compensate for modified synaptic strength patterns. ..."

Model Type: Synapse

Region(s) or Organism(s): Leech

Model Concept(s): Temporal Pattern Generation; Oscillations; Activity Patterns; Detailed Neuronal Models; Bursting

Simulation Environment: GENESIS (web link to model); MATLAB (web link to model)

Implementer(s): Gunay, Cengiz [cgunay at emory.edu]

References:

Calabrese RL, Lamb DG, Doloc-Mihu A, Günay C. (2019). Synaptic Strengths Dominate Phasing of Motor Circuit: Intrinsic Conductances of Neuron Types Need Not Vary across Animals. eNeuro 6 [PubMed]