Homosynaptic plasticity in the tail withdrawal circuit (TWC) of Aplysia (Baxter and Byrne 2006)

The tail-withdrawal circuit of Aplysia provides a useful model system for investigating synaptic dynamics. Sensory neurons within the circuit manifest several forms of synaptic plasticity. Here, we developed a model of the circuit and investigated the ways in which depression (DEP) and potentiation (POT) contributed to information processing. DEP limited the amount of motor neuron activity that could be elicited by the monosynaptic pathway alone. POT within the monosynaptic pathway did not compensate for DEP. There was, however, a synergistic interaction between POT and the polysynaptic pathway. This synergism extended the dynamic range of the network, and the interplay between DEP and POT made the circuit respond preferentially to long-duration, low-frequency inputs.

Model Type: Realistic Network

Region(s) or Organism(s): Aplysia

Cell Type(s): Aplysia sensory neuron; Aplysia interneuron; Aplysia motor neuron

Currents: I N; I K; I Sodium; I Potassium

Receptors: AMPA

Transmitters: Glutamate

Model Concept(s): Synchronization; Synaptic Plasticity; Short-term Synaptic Plasticity; Action Potentials; Facilitation; Post-Tetanic Potentiation; Depression; Sensory processing

Simulation Environment: SNNAP

Implementer(s): Baxter, Douglas


Baxter DA, Byrne JH. (2006). Short-term plasticity in a computational model of the tail-withdrawal circuit in Aplysia Neurocomputing 70(10-12)