This compartmental model of a hippocampal granule cell has spinous synapses placed on the second-order dendrites. Changes in shape and connectivity of the spines usually does not effect the synaptic response of the cell unless active conductances are incorporated into the spine membrane (e.g. voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels). With active conductances, spines can generate spike-like events. We showed that changes like fusion and branching, or in fact any increase in the equivalent spine neck resistance, could trigger a dramatic increase in the spine's influence on the dendritic shaft potential.
Model Type: Synapse
Cell Type(s): Dentate gyrus granule GLU cell
Simulation Environment: NEURON
Implementer(s): Rusakov, DA [D.Rusakov at ion.ucl.ac.uk]
Rusakov DA, Richter-Levin G, Stewart MG, Bliss TV. (1997). Reduction in spine density associated with long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus suggests a spine fusion-and-branching model of potentiation. Hippocampus. 7 [PubMed]