How BK and SK channels benefit early vision (Li X et al 2019)

"Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK and SK) are ubiquitous in synaptic circuits, but their role in network adaptation and sensory perception remains largely unknown. Using electrophysiological and behavioral assays and biophysical modeling, we discover how visual information transfer in mutants lacking the BK channel (dSlo- ), SK channel (dSK- ), or both (dSK- ;; dSlo- ) is shaped in the female fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) R1-R6 photoreceptor-LMC circuits (R-LMC-R system) through synaptic feedforward-feedback interactions and reduced R1-R6 Shaker and Shab K+ conductances. This homeostatic compensation is specific for each mutant, leading to distinctive adaptive dynamics. We show how these dynamics inescapably increase the energy cost of information and promote the mutants' distorted motion perception, determining the true price and limits of chronic homeostatic compensation in an in vivo genetic animal model. These results reveal why Ca2+-activated K+ channels reduce network excitability (energetics), improving neural adaptability for transmitting and perceiving sensory information. ..."

Model Type: Synapse

Region(s) or Organism(s): Drosophila

Currents: I Potassium; I K,Ca

Model Concept(s): Information transfer; Invertebrate; Homeostasis


Li X et al. (2019). Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels Reduce Network Excitability, Improving Adaptability and Energetics for Transmitting and Perceiving Sensory Information. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 39 [PubMed]

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