Cholinergic modulation of resting state networks (Sanda et al., accepted)

Brain activity during the resting state is widely used to examine brain organization, cognition and alterations in disease states. While it is known that neuromodulation and the state of alertness impact resting-state activity, neural mechanisms behind such modulation of resting-state activity are unknown. In this work, we used a computational model to demonstrate that change in excitability and recurrent connections, due to cholinergic modulation, impacts resting-state activity. The results of such modulation in the model match closely with experimental work on direct cholinergic modulation of Default Mode Network (DMN) in rodents. We further extended our study to the human connectome derived from diffusion-weighted MRI. In human resting-state simulations, an increase in cholinergic input resulted in a brain-wide reduction of functional connectivity. Furthermore, selective cholinergic modulation of DMN closely captured experimentally observed transitions between the baseline resting state and states with suppressed DMN fluctuations associated with attention to external tasks. Our study thus provides insight into potential neural mechanisms for the effects of cholinergic neuromodulation on resting-state activity and its dynamics.

Model Type: Realistic Network

Region(s) or Organism(s):

Cell Type(s): Hodgkin-Huxley neuron

Currents: I Calcium; I K; I K,Ca; I K,leak; I Na,p; I h; I_K,Na; KCC2; Na/K pump

Receptors: AMPA; GabaA; NMDA



Model Concept(s): Detailed Neuronal Models; Excitability; Oscillations; Synchronization

Simulation Environment: C or C++ program

Implementer(s): Bazhenov, Maxim [Bazhenov at]; Sanda, Pavel; Krishnan, Gonzalez


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